Machu Picchu, one of the most famous sites in Peru, has now also been included in the list of the new seven wonders of the world. Machu Picchu is located in the high mountains above the Urubamba Valley at about 2400 meters above sea level.
Its cultural and spiritual importance, Machu Picchu was included in the World Monuments Fund's list of the 100 Most Endangered Sites in 2008. Tour in Peru Machu Picchu is one of the top tourist destinations in all of South America
It is believed that the early inhabitants of Machu Picchu died within 100 years of its formation, possibly from smallpox, a disease brought to the area by the Spanish during their conquest, although there is no evidence that the Spaniards found Machu Picchu visited.
There are many beliefs about the construction of Machu Picchu, but the true purpose of Machu Picchu cannot be said with any degree of accuracy. Some believe it may be a prison, while others believe it is a defensive retreat. Most archaeologists speculate that this was the estate of an Incan emperor. But the truth remains a mystery.
The most significant feature in the history of Machu Picchu is its architectural beauty. It was built in the same way as the Egyptian pyramids, using large stones carried across the earth. This is a testament to their creative spirit, cutting stones with such precision that they fit together perfectly. The stones weren't tied with mortar, but they were still solid enough that it was very difficult to stick a tiny thin knife between them.
The fact that the ruins are still nearly intact to this day is a testament to the engineering skills of the Incas, especially as the area is threatened by strong earthquakes and strong storms. How the Incas cut stone precisely without using modern technology is a mystery. There is a myth that aliens will come and help!
It is generally accepted that Hiram Bingham was the first to rediscover Machu Picchu, but there is evidence that explorers reached the site before Bingham. The Incas were very progressive over time, as evidenced by the design and construction of their ceremonial centers.